Statement of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov at the meeting of the Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO)
As it has been
previously reported, on December 10 this year the President of
Uzbekistan Islam Karimov participated and made a statement at the
meeting of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in Moscow.
Distinguished Heads of States!
Allow me welcome you and express my gratitude to the Russian side,
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev for the warm greeting and traditional
High on the agenda of today’s summit is to further improve the system of the CSTO.
We suppose that the initiatives in ensuring the effectiveness and
efficiency of the CSTO decision-making, strengthening the capacity of
responding effectively to crisis situations are reasonable and timely.
Moreover, I would like to reiterate the firm conviction and the
position of Uzbekistan that the mission of the CSTO is, first and
foremost, the protection of the Organization’s participating states
from an external threat, but not the participation in the resolution of
the conflict and various clashes between the states of the CSTO and the
We believe that we must also exclude the interference or influence by
the CSTO in the cases of occurring in some CSTO member-states of the
so-called “violent actions” inside the country. This is our principal
position and the reason why we do not sign the Agreement on Collective
Rapid Reaction Force.
It is also necessary to remember that the so-called “violent actions”
in some countries happen in different scenarios and can occur with
direct participation and funding from external forces.
The organizers of the so-called “violent actions” should be carefully
sorted out and only after that one should take one decision or another.
The events in southern Kyrgyzstan on June 10-14 this year, which must
teach us a lot, once again demonstrated that the involvement of the
Organization in the resolution of intra-state conflicts and crisis
situations is absolutely unacceptable, without carefully analyzing
their true reasons and thinking ahead all possible consequences of
engaging or intervening in these processes.
On June 11-12 more than 100,000 people, primarily women, children and
helpless elderly of the Uzbek nationality crossed the Uzbek border in
the Ferghana Valley, escaping from the ethnic slaughter in the Osh and
Jalal-Abad regions of Kyrgyzstan.
I am not going to talk about the enormous problems, what resources and
means had to be mobilized in order to accommodate, feed and comfort
these people to preserve order in the border area and provide them
The reason of crossing the border by these people was not a good life
and they did so not because they didn’t like the south of Kyrgyzstan.
They lived there for centuries and shall live together with the Kyrgyz.
We are convinced of this as well as the President of Kyrgyzstan Roza
Otunbayeva. I am sure that this is the way out of the continuing
tension in southern Kyrgyzstan.
I am not going to speak about what would have taken place on the
territory of the Ferghana Valley of Uzbekistan, where about 300,000
ethnic Kyrgyz people live, if had we not kept peace amongst our nation
and allowed to commit illegal actions towards them. Early in the
morning of June 11 I have had a long phone conversation with Rosa
Otunbayeva on her initiative. In response to her request, I assured her
that no one from our side under any circumstances would cross the
border of Kyrgyzstan. And I kept my word.
Osh is at a distance of just 40 kilometers from Andijan city, at a
maximum, while from the border - in all 15 kilometers. I am convinced
that if at this critical period had we not kept the situation under
control then the inter-ethnic conflict in the southern Kyrgyzstan could
have turned into an interstate conflict between Uzbekistan and
In other words, the bloody events in the south of Kyrgyzstan could have
been transformed into a huge fire, the consequences of which would have
been difficult to predict.
The question of what were the reason, organizers and executives of these tragic events is a separate topic.
Once again I would like to draw your attention to the following fact -
if even one serviceman, regardless would he be Uzbek, Kazakh or
Russian, has crossed the border of Kyrgyzstan it would have given a
rise to a conflict, which would be very difficult to cease.
We have enough such analogues in the CIS area. For example, more than
20 years passed, and still Armenia and Azerbaijan cannot come to a
mutually acceptable agreement. While it was highly significant to
prevent the escalation of the crises in those years, now both parties
could have resolved the situation and reached a compromise.
I cite these examples as an evidence of the fact that in each concrete
situation the true reasons of events, the so-called “violent actions”
must be seriously examined.
This is exactly why Uzbekistan refrains from signing the Regulations on
procedure of responding to crisis situations of the Collective Security
We also do not sign the Statement on the CSTO Peacekeeping Forces. The
essence of our decision is in the fact that participation in the
so-called peacekeeping forces is always a voluntary, and Uzbekistan
does not intend to participate in peacekeeping operations outside its